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The Leaf
The Inflorescence
The Root System
Germination & Establishment Phase
Tillering Phase
Grand Growth Phase
Ripening & Maturation Phase
Practical Implications
Improved Varieties
Land Preparation
Planting Material
Planting Time
Germination Irrigation
Weed Management
Irrigation Water Management
Earthing Up
Removal of Water Shoots
Harvesting Management
Nutrient Deficiency Symptoms
Pests & Diseases
Home > crop growth phases > Germination & Establishment Phase
Germination and Establishment Phase
  • The germination phase is from planting to the completion of germination of buds.
  • Under field conditions germination starts from 7 to 10 days and usually lasts for about 30-35 days.
  • In sugarcane, germination denotes activation and subsequent sprouting of the vegetative bud.
  • The germination of bud is influenced by the external as well as internal factors.
  • The external factors are the soil moisture, soil temperature and aeration.
  • The internal factors are the bud health, sett moisture, sett reducing sugar content and sett nutrient status.
  • Optimum temperature for sprouting is around 28o-30oc .Base temperature for germination is about 12o. Warm, moist soil ensures rapid germination.
  • Germination results in an increased respiration and hence good soil aeration are important.
  • Therefore open structured porous soils facilitate better germination.
  • Under field conditions, about 60 per cent germination can be considered safe for raising a satisfactory crop.
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